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Tuesday, May 28, 2019

Environmental Factors That Influences Behavioural Disturbance

Environmental Factors; The environment plays a vital role in a child's development, certain factors in the environment, to a large extent, determine what becomes of a growing child. These factors are Home or family factor , community factor and school factor.

Home Factor; The home or family is the child's first port of call .The child learns a lot from his/her parents and siblings (where applicable) .This is because the early years of the child are characterized by active learning  , personality development and for building the structure for adult life.This is why parent should strive to influence them  positively and not contribute to making them emotionally  disturbed. Montgomery (1989) states that the rejected child shows aggressive, violent and vengeful behaviour. Parent should be made to understand that they could contribute to their child's deviant behaviour through the parenting style they adopt.

Community Factor; The community in which children find themselves influences them in diverse ways.Shaw  and McKay in Ifelunni (1991) are of the opinion that delinquents were found more in business areas, the slum areas with the lowest rate of delinquency in the other zones of the city. Continuing, they opine that it is in the delinquency areas that criminal tradition is handed down from one generation the next through "cultural transmission" .Sociologist are also of the view that the social values of lower class culture are an inversion of middle class standards and derive from disadvantageous position in which the members of the lower class find themselves. In reaction against middle class standards, the lower class group concern themselves with all kinds of deviant behaviour (Ifelunni 1991).

School Factor; Children come to school with all the influences they acquire both from the home/family and the community. It is the function of the school to teach children the values and morals of the society. The school is to assist children in realising and enhancing their potential in socially acceptable ways.However, the school may  become a source of acquiring deviant behaviour by pupils. Thus Mere (1986) asserts that the teachers partial rewarding system, monotonous lessons and low interest in pupils may lead to boredom and engagement in other nefarious activities. Method of teaching may also cause restlessness in pupils. A gifted child for instance whose gift are suppressed, rather than given an outlet can develop emotional problems. Good teaching demands that the teacher should take cognisance of students interest and needs .

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